Beselam Gizachew Astatkie, Wolde Melese Ayele, Yeshimebet Alli Dawed
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the proportion of chronic diabetic complications and factors with type-2 diabetes mellitus at Debretabor Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018.
Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 424 systematically selected type-2 diabetes mellitus patients from March 1-April 5/2018. The collected data were entered into EPI INFO 7 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Variables with P value <0.05 considered statistically significant.
Result: A total of 424 study subjects participated in the study. Overall, 222 (52.4%) (95%CI: 48-57%) of patients were diagnosed with at least one chronic complications. Patients who were >50 years of age [AOR=4.23 (95%CI: 1.80-9.89)], those taking both oral and insulin anti-diabetes mellitus medication [AOR=2.42 (95% CI: 1.18-4.94)] and patients >5 years with duration of diabetes [AOR=17.72 (95%CI: 8.25-38.07)] were positively associated, whereas patients with preventive care services [AOR=0.40 (95%CI: 0.24-0.69)] were negatively associated variables.
Conclusion: Older age, taking both oral and insulin anti-diabetes mellitus medication, patients with duration of diabetes >5 years, patients with preventive care services were significantly associated with chronic diabetic complications. Providing the necessary information on the preventive care services by health professionals is needed.